The Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC), established in 1962 by Prof. S. R. Ranganathan is an internationally recognized centre for advanced training and research in Library and Information Science. DRTC is a unit under the Computers and Communication Science Division of the Indian Statistical Institute. DRTC unit is located at the Bengaluru centre of the institute.

Since its foundation, the Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC), Bangalore, has played a major role in almost all pedagogical and research advances in the Indian LIS milieu. Additionally, The DRTC researchers have worked with UNESCO, IFLA, Library of Congress, European Union, European Commission and other apex bodies. DRTC has taken the lead in adopting, integrating, and popularising the most recent technological developments that are altering library and information services in India. It has done so by hosting a slew of international conferences and seminars for scholars and professionals on digital libraries, semantic information systems, and, more recently, data management. DRTC faculties have played a significant role in the various committees and govt initiatives such as National Knowledge Commission (NKC), National Mission on Libraries (NML) and many more.  From time to time, DRTC faculty members visit to various national and international institutes and organisations. DRTC has also hosted hundreds of illustrious visitors from Indian and international institutes and organisations.